Poland Company Formation

How to set up a Company in Poland

How to set up a Company in Poland can be confusing, and we’re here to make this simple.

Poland, a prime destination for foreign direct investment in Central and Eastern Europe, invites entrepreneurs to explore its favourable business climate. This comprehensive article addresses Poland’s most common company formation queries, providing invaluable insights and practical advice.

Poland’s flourishing economy presents many opportunities for entrepreneurs to establish and grow businesses. As statistics indicate, Poland remains one of the most advantageous countries in Central and Eastern Europe for foreign direct investment. An individual may find it challenging to set up a company in a foreign country without the correct information.

This article aims to provide comprehensive and precise answers to the most frequently asked questions about initiating a company in Poland. We aim to equip you with the knowledge and understanding necessary to navigate the process effectively. By the end of this article, you will have a solid foundation for setting up a company in Poland and confidently embark on your entrepreneurial journey.

Company Incorporation in Poland 

The first thing you need to do when starting a company in Poland is to pick the type of legal structure for your future Polish company. The LLC (Limited Liability Company) is the most popular choice among investors. About 94% of foreign investments in Poland are made through LLCs.

Setting up and officially registering a limited liability company in Poland may seem complex because it involves several steps to complete to be listed in the Polish Company Register (KRS), also known as the National Court Register.

Here is a comparison table of different legal structures in Poland:

Business StructureRequirementsMinimum CapitalShare ValueTaxation
Polish Limited Liability CompanyRegistration under National Court Register5000 PLN50 PLNVAT (23%) and corporate income tax (19%)
Polish Joint-Stock CompanyRegistration under National Court Register100,000 PLN0.01 PLNVAT (23%) and corporate tax
Polish Limited PartnershipRegistration under National Court RegisterNoneN/AVAT (23%) and individual partner tax (19%)
Polish Civil PartnershipNo registration requiredNoneN/AVAT (23%) and individual partner tax
Polish Registered PartnershipRegistration under National Court RegisterNoneN/AVAT (23%) and corporate income tax on individual partners
Polish Limited Joint-Stock PartnershipRegistration under National Court Register50,000 PLN0.01 PLNVAT (23%)

Creating your LLC

You can establish your LLC after determining your business goals, using one of the two available methods:

  • The traditional way – by preparing a legal document with a notary.
  • Electronic way – through an online website.

Pros:

  • Traditional way: Provides a sense of familiarity and follows established procedures.
  • Electronic way: Cost-effective option. Quick registration in 10 days

Cons:

  • Traditional way: Involves finding a notary office and incurring additional expenses for notarial services. Registration in 3-5 weeks
  • Electronic way: Requires a qualified signature, which may pose a challenge for some individuals.

Setting up LLC Traditionally 

You’ll have to complete the following steps if you choose the traditional method of setting up a company:

Signing Articles of Association or Instruments of Incorporation

The first thing you need to do to create a limited liability company is to sign the “articles of association.” To get these documents ready, you’ll have to go to a notary’s office to have them prepared and official.

Depositing Share Capital

The company must add capital or equivalent items through a cash injection or capital in kind contribution.

Appointing a Management Board

In the third step, we need to choose a management board. You can choose a management board in two ways. First, you can have a meeting where all the shareholders agree on it, or if there’s just one shareholder, they can decide alone. This agreement doesn’t need any fancy legal documents and can be in simple written form. The second way is that some individual shareholders might have the right to make this decision if it’s mentioned in the articles of association.

Filing a Registration Application.

The fourth step is to register the company in the National Court Register (KRS), the Company Register. To do this, an application needs to be filed with the Registry Court of NCR, alongside necessary attachments.

Obtaining Permits and Identifications

The fifth and final step involves signing up the company in other important records, obtaining identification numbers such as NIP and REGON, and obtaining any required licenses to carry out certain activities or work in.

Setting up an LLC Online

If you’re unable to set up an LLC in the traditional way or prefer to do it online, there is an alternative method available. This option allows you to complete the process digitally, saving you time and effort.

Visiting the Portal of Court Registers:

To begin the online registration process, you need to visit the website of the Portal of Court Registers (https://prs.ms.gov.pl/ ).

Registering an Account and Setting up the LLC Profile:

After arriving at the website, you’ll be asked to create an account by using ePUAP Trusted Profile.

Providing LLC Contract Elements:

You will be asked to provide the elements of the LLC contract in the next step of the process. The website will offer some guidance and additional explanations to help you complete this part of the registration.

Signing Court Documents with ePUAP Account:

After completing the LLC contract elements, you will be automatically redirected to a website where you can access the court documents. These documents must be signed using your ePUAP account, ensuring their legal validity.

Verification and Payment Process:

Once you sign the necessary court documents, our team will verify your information after which you will be directed to the bank payment system to complete your payment for the required court inscription fees and estimated tax amount.

Post Registration Requirements

List your company in CRBR.

After you register your company in Poland, you need to fulfill specific responsibilities. One of these responsibilities is to be listed in the Central Register of Real Beneficiaries (CRBR).

The CRBR is a system that collects and processes information about individuals who have direct or indirect control over the company. Its primary purpose is to prevent money laundering and the financing of terrorism. Registering in the CRBR is mandatory.

To get listed in the CRBR, you must apply for a PESEL number, which is an identification number for individuals. To complete the registration process, you need to provide the ID card or passport of the member of the Management Board, and provide power’s of attorney to submit the required documents to the appropriate authority in Poland.

Establishing a Company’s Bank Account

Upon completing all the required procedures for forming a company in Poland, arranging for the company’s bank account to ensure proper maintenance of financial records is imperative.

If the members of the Management Board are Polish citizens or individuals residing in Poland, it will be necessary for them to personally visit a bank branch and sign an agreement to initiate the company’s bank account.

Suppose the members of the Management Board are foreign nationals who do not reside in Poland, it becomes essential to issue a notarized power of attorney authorizing the opening of a bank account on behalf of the company.

Please contact us at Company Formation Org to start your journey into the Polish market, or we can find an existing Shelf Company making this process quicker, smoother and easier through our sister company.